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The biological basis of sterilization on account of the Mediterranean fruit fly by United States. Bureau of Entomology

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Published in Washington .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Ceratitis capitata

Book details:

Edition Notes

ContributionsMarlatt, C. L.
The Physical Object
Pagination5 l.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25935053M

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  The Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly), Ceratitis capitata, is a major destructive insect pest due to its broad host range, which includes hundreds of fruits and vegetables. It exhibits a unique ability to invade and adapt to ecological niches throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world, though medfly infestations have been prevented and controlled by the sterile insect technique Cited by: 1. Introduction. The Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly, Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann) is a globally distributed agricultural pest, infesting over types of cultivated and wild fruits, vegetables and nuts—the widest known host range of any pest fruit fly [].Control methods include the use of baited traps [2,3], insecticides [], biological control [] and the sterile insect technique (SIT) [1 Cited by: Genetic Control of Insect Pests Through Sterile Insect Technique. The sterile insect technique (SIT) is a technique in which a large number of sterilized insects is released to reduce mating between fertile wild counterparts. This technique was reported to successfully eradicate the New World screwworm, the tsetse fly, melon fruit fly, Queensland fruit fly, pink bollworm, etc. Also, compared with classical biological control, SIT is: (1) species-specific, (2) no exotic species are introduced, and (3) because of sterility no new strains of the target pest can become established. Download: Download full-size image; Figure 2. Mediterranean fruit fly mass rearing facility at .

The Mediterranean fruit fly, or medfly, is one of the most economically important agricultural pest insects in the world. It is a true fruit fly (family Tephritidae); this group also contains many. Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) is the most threatening pest of palms worldwide. The potential of gamma-irradiated males to spread a pathogenic strain of the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana (Ascomycota: Clavicipitaceae) to control this pest was studied. First, the effects of gamma irradiation (15 and 25 Gy) on the mating success and performance of adult males. 41 Sterilisation and Disinfection MICROBIOLOGY MODULE Microbiology Notes Disinfection: Disinfection describes a process that eliminates many or all pathogenic microorganisms, except bacterial spores, on inanimate objects. Cleaning: Cleaning is removal of visible soil (e.g., organic and inorganic material) from objects and surfaces. Times required for sterilization in an autoclave are shorter than those required in a dry oven because moist heat penetrates biological specimens more effectively than does dry heat. True Ethylene oxide gas is used to sterilize medical equipment that might be damaged by exposure to the heat of autoclaving.

Description. This report is aimed at private sector involvement in the production phase of sterile insects for use in pest control. It is a guideline or tool to support the development of more specific business plans that will need to be prepared on a case by case basis, taking into account the species to be reared and the location of the facility. Question 2: How Are Fruit Fly Leks Defined Operationally? Tephritid workers have adopted two approaches to identify leks in the field (Field et al. ).One defines leks by the distances between signaling males, and typical examples define a lek as 3–6 males within 30 cm of one another each on a separate leaf (Prokopy and Hendrichs ), a group of ≥3 males signaling simultaneously. Hooper, G. H. S. Use of carbon dioxide, nitrogen and cold to immobilize adults of the Mediterranean fruit fly. J. Econ. Ent. Hooper, G. H. S. Competitiveness of gamma-sterilized males of the Mediterranean fruit fly: Effect of irradiating pupal or adult stage and of irradiating pupae in nitrogen. J. Econ. Ent. The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) is a polyphagous insect of great economic importance. Native to Africa, this fly is now distributed worldwide, with established populations in southern Europe, the Mediterranean region, Africa, Australia and some South American countries [].C. capitata was introduced to Hawaii in and considered established by [2, 3].